- NUMBER OF DEATHS
- MORTALITY RATES
- YEARS OF LIFE LOST
- LIFE EXPECTANCY
While the leading causes of death are determined solely on the number of persons who die, years of life lost (YLL) is a statistic that measures both the number of deaths and the age at death. YLL increases if the number of people dying increases or if the ages of the people dying decrease. Due primarily to the high number of deaths, Ischemic Heart disease is both the leading cause of death and the leading cause of premature death in San Francisco. In fact, seventeen of the leading causes of death are also leading causes of premature death as measured by YLLs. However, despite contributing relatively few deaths, the low age of death among the deceased for HIV, accidents (drowning, fire and smoke inhalation, non-drug related poisonings, and firearms), and assault make them each leading causes of premature death in San Francisco.
CDPH VRBIS. State of California, California Department of Public Health, VRBIS Death Statistical Master File Plus 2006-2017, created on January 31, 2018.
This analysis uses specific cause-of-death categories based on the World Health Organization Global Burden of Disease and Injury (WHO GBD) and the National Center for Health Statistics 113 Selected and 50 Rankable Causes of Disease [1-2]. Race/ethnicity was categorized according to San Francisco ethnicity data guidelines . All mortality analyses are based on the primary cause of death and do not take into account co-morbidities.
Mortality measures used include:
All rates were calculated with population data from the State of California, Department of Finance. The 2000 US standard population was used to age-standardize mortality rates and YLLs.